More than 1% of the global population displaced, says U.N.
Geneva: More than 1% of the global population – a record 80 million people – are now forced out of their homes due to violence and persecution, the U.N. said on Thursday.
By the end of 2019, one out of every 97 people in the world was being uprooted and displaced, exposing the swollen displacement caused by the conflict in places like Syria and the Democratic Republic of Congo, according to a recent report by the UN Refugee Agency .
UN refugee chief Filippo Grandy said, “One percent of the world’s population cannot return to their homes because there are wars, oppression, human rights violations and other forms of violence.” AFP in an interview.
The UNHCR agency found that as of the end of last year, a record 79.5 million people were either living in their own countries as refugees, asylum seekers or so-called internal displacement, a dramatic increase of nearly nine million from a year earlier.
“It’s a trend that’s been going on since 2012: the figures are higher than they were a year ago,” Grady said, implying that “there has been more conflict, more violence that has led people away from themselves Have given.” Houses. “
It also means, he said, that “there are insufficient political solutions to conflicts and crises” that will allow people to return home.
Grand said that 10 years ago, the number of people living in displacement worldwide was around 40 million.
“So it’s basically doubled. And we don’t reduce the trend,” he said.
Afraid of 2021
“So divided with the international community, so incapable, unable to make so much peace, unfortunately the situation will not stop escalating, and I am very worried that next year it will be worse than this year.”
Thursday’s report revealed that at the end of 2019, around 46 million displaced people remained inside their country, while 26 million had fled outside the borders as refugees.
Another 4.2 million people were asylum seekers, while 3.6 million Venezuelans were displaced overseas.
Last year, some 11 million people were newly displaced, in a handful of conflict-stricken countries and regions, the report showed.
They also include Syria, which displaces 13.2 million people inside or outside the country after more than nine years of civil war – one-sixth of the global total.
In fact, Grande said, 68% of the world’s refugees come from just five countries: Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Myanmar.
He said, “It means that if the international community gets the unity, political will and resources to help these countries get out of the crisis, then it is most likely that we are responsible for more than half of the world’s (refugee) problem.” Will sort it out. ” “
Effect of coronavirus?
The report did not address the status of displacement developed since the global coronovirus epidemic.
Grandi said that it was clear that the crisis was complicating the situation for the displaced at a time when everyone was being told that “going on the move is an obligation to oneself and to others.”
But he said that poor and middle-income countries hosting 85% of the world’s refugees had relatively mitigated the worst health effects of the epidemic so far.
However, he warned, the economic effects were taking a severe toll.
“We have actually seen poverty increase dramatically,” he said, adding that lockout in many countries has eliminated any opportunity that most displaced people have to make an income.
Without significant support for displaced people and their host communities, it could spark “further population movements”, he warned.
The Grand also reiterated that countries should continue to provide shelter to the needy despite border closure and lockdown measures.
“One activity that has not been discouraged by epidemics is war, or conflict or violence,” he said.
“Unfortunately people continue to flee their homes, because epidemic or not, they are threatened … and they need to be given shelter, protection, asylum.”