Apple on Tuesday found the target of two EU antitrust investigations in its App Store and Apple Pay, as regulators, said the terms and conditions and restrictions could violate the block’s competition rules.
The European Commission said an investigation would look into the mandatory use of Apple’s proprietary in-app purchase system and restrictions on developers’ ability to notify iPhone and iPad users other inexpensive purchase possibilities outside of the app.
The case began last year due to a complaint by the Swedish music streaming service Spotify. Another smaller rival also filed complaints related to e-books and audiobooks in March this year.
European Competition Commissioner Margaret Vesteger said in a statement, “It appears that Apple gained the role of ‘gatekeeper’ when it comes to the distribution of apps and content to users of Apple’s popular devices.”
The second case focuses on Apple’s terms and conditions of how Apple Pay should be used in merchants’ apps and websites, and at the same time refuses to allow company rivals access to payment systems.
Apple Pay, launched in 2014, marked diversification from the company’s sales of devices such as iPhones and iPads.